What is “Termination of Pregnancy”

Termination of pregnancy, also referred as abortion, is the medical process of ending a pregnancy so that it does not result in the birth of a baby. The termination of  pregnancy can be achieved through various methods. Most suitable method depends on the stage of pregnancy and the health of the person seeking the procedure.

Following are the methods for terminating a pregnancy :

  • Medical Abortion: This involves taking medication to end the pregnancy. It’s typically used within the first 10 weeks of gestation and involves two types of drugs: mifepristone and misoprostol1.
  • Surgical Abortion: There are several types of surgical abortions, including aspiration, which is usually performed up to 16 weeks of gestation, and dilation and evacuation (D&E), which is generally performed after 16 weeks of gestation.

What are the reasons for the termination of pregnancy:

There are different reasons why a person may choose to terminate their pregnancy, such as personal, medical, social, or legal factors. Some of the common reasons for termination of pregnancy are:

  • Financial circumstances
  • Timing: Some people may feel that they are not ready to have a child or that it is not the right time in their life.
  • Partner-related reasons: Some people may not have a stable or supportive relationship with their partner or may face domestic violence or abuse.
  • Health risks: Some people may have health problems that make pregnancy dangerous or complicated for them or their baby.
  • Fetal anomalies: Some people may find out that their baby has a serious birth defect or disorder that would affect their quality of life.
  • Unintended pregnancy: Some people may have an unplanned pregnancy due to contraceptive failure, rape, incest, or lack of access to birth control.
  • Personal choice: Some people may not want to have a child or may have other personal reasons for their decision.

The reasons for seeking a termination of pregnancy vary widely and can include medical indications, such as risks to the person’s health or fetal abnormalities, as well as personal circumstances or legal considerations. In many places, including India, laws and regulations govern the conditions under which a termination may be performed, often with specific provisions to protect the health and rights of the person seeking the procedure.

It’s important for individuals considering this procedure to consult with healthcare professionals to understand their options, the associated risks, and the support available to them. The decision to terminate a pregnancy is deeply personal and can be complex, involving a range of emotional, psychological, and social factors.


  1. drugs.com
  2. drishtiias.com
  3. clearias.com
  4. healthdirect.gov.au
  5. whattoexpect.com

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